Operations Upon the Sea A Study –by: Franz Edelsheim
First Page:OPERATIONS UPON THE SEA
OPERATIONS UPON THE SEA
FREIHERR VON EDELSHEIM
IN THE SERVICE OF THE GERMAN GENERAL STAFF IN 1901
TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN
NEW YORK THE OUTDOOR PRESS 1914
Copyright, 1914, by THE OUTDOOR PRESS
Published November, 1914
VAIL BALLOU COMPANY BINGHAMTON AND NEW YORK
This book is of especial importance at this time, for if Germany is to reach the degree of advantage which her military preparedness seemed to prophesy, it is plain that her navy must become increasingly active, and play a far different rle than that it has assumed in the early stages of the war.
Covering this phase of the German operations the present volume must appeal as forecasting movements strictly within the bounds of actuality. A literal translation is all that has been attempted, with absolutely no embellishment to make it "popular" or easy reading. With characteristic bluntness this German officer brushes aside non essentials and goes to the main point in daring fashion. For that very reason it is exceedingly pertinent to present day discussions.
Issued as a military study in Germany, semi official in nature, to characterize it mildly, the material herein published for the first time in English reveals the theories of at least a portion of the military arm of the German Government, which it is only fair to state may not represent the convictions of the German people.
Americans, as neutral but extremely interested observers of happenings of the moment, cannot be blamed, however, for making note of revelations that may come from either side in the conflict. Beyond that, there are evidences on every hand that the patriotic citizens of this country are waking to the necessity to face more securely the difficulties a peace loving nation may meet because of its lack of enthusiasm for war.
The purpose of this book is to estimate the value of operation over the sea as demonstrated in modern warfare, to point out the most important factors in its accomplishment, to describe the powerful expedients provided by Germany for such an enterprise, and to broaden the sphere of studying these important questions of interest to our Fatherland.
THEORETICAL VIEWS 17
I PRINCIPLES OF OPERATIONS OVER THE SEA 19
II ACCOMPLISHMENT OF SEA TRANSPORTATION 27
PREPARATIONS DURING PEACE 27
PREPARATIONS AT THE OUTBREAK OF WAR 39
SEA VOYAGE 56
I CONSIDERATION OF LANDING OPERATIONS AGAINST POWERS THAT CAN BE REACHED ONLY BY SEA 79
II VIEWS ON COLONIAL EXPEDITIONS 93
III CONCLUDING VIEWS 106
OPERATIONS UPON THE SEA
Within recent years we have had a closer view of operations over the sea in connection with wars on land. The war between Japan and China, between America and Spain, between England and the Transvaal, and finally the Chinese Expedition, have largely demonstrated the methods of transporting troops over the sea. Whilst Moltke has shown the insignificance of the land forces for such operations, the military authorities must in the future reckon on the important problem of preparing for and conducting a war across the sea...